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UPSC Syllabus 2018 Updated Civil Services Exam (IAS/NDA/CDS) Syllabi PDF


UPSC Syllabus 2018

UPSC Syllabus 2018: Candidates who want to crack any one of the exam from IAS/ NDA/ CDA with good rank then it’s essential for them to download the complete UPSC Syllabus and proper exam pattern.  Exam pattern plays a vital role in the preparation of individuals as it contains the marking scheme of every section. Interested contenders can download the UPSC Syllabus PDF by following the instructions given on this web page.

Union Public Service Commission conducts various competitive exams and to attend any of the exams, aspirants need to submit the application form. Then they have to attend the preliminary exam and those contenders who able to crack the pre exam will qualify for the mains exam. And the finals selection will be done on the basis of aspirants’ performance in personal interview round. More details about UPSC Syllabus 2018 are mentioned below by the team of www.privatejobshub.in.

UPSC Syllabus 2018

UPSC IAS Syllabus for Prelims Paper 1:

Current affairs/ General Science
This includes matters relating to current events, both national and international importance.
It consists of Indian national movement and history of India.
Geography [Indian and world]
It comprises of physical, social, economic geography.
Aspirants should include environment ecology, biodiversity and general issues on climatic change and general science.
Indian Polity and Governance
Constitution of India, political system, panchayati raj etc
It consists of social sector initiatives, sustainable development, inclusion, demographics poverty etc.

Download PDF: UPSC IAS Syllabus

UPSC IAS Syllabus for Prelims Paper 2:
  • Problem- solving and decision- making
  • General mental ability
  • Comprehension
  • Analytical and logical reasoning
  • Data interpretation
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
UPSC IAS Syllabus for Mains Exam:

The written test will be of 1750 marks and the interview round will consists of 275 marks. It this exam, seven papers out of total papers will be considered for final ranking. In Paper A, aspirants need to choose any one of the Indian Languages but it’s not compulsory for the individuals who belong to Mizoram, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Manipur and Nagaland. In Paper 2, questions relate to English Language will be asked.

UPSC IAS Civil Services Main Exam Pattern:

The UPSC Indian Administrative Service Main exam will be off 1750 marks and after that a personality test of 275 marks will be conducted. The exam includes 7 papers with 2 papers of descriptive in nature. Question paper will be available in both English and Hindi languages.

Maximum Marks
Paper - A
Regional language(Qualifying)
Paper - B
English Language(Qualifying)
Paper - 1
Paper - 2
General Studies- 1
Paper - 3
General Studies -2
Paper - 4
General Studies -3
Paper - 5
General studies - 4
Paper - 6
Optional Paper -  1
Paper - 7
Optional Paper -  2
Written test Total

UPSC NDA Syllabus

General Ability Test Syllabus
Part A: English
Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English
Part B: General Knowledge
Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events
Section A: Physics
Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.
Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy.
Effects of Heat, Measurement of temperature and heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat. Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments
Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction, Spherical mirrors and Lenses Human Eye
Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.
Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays.
Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.
Section B: Chemistry
Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water
Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction
Acids, bases and salts
Carbon – different forms.
Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial
Material used in the preparation of substances like soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gun-Powder.
Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom, Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency
Section C: General Science
Difference between the living and non-living
Basis of Life - Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues
Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals
Elementary knowledge of human Body and its important organs
Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention
Food - Source of Energy for man, Constituents of food, Balanced Diet
The Solar System - Meteors and Comets, Eclipses.
Achievements of Eminent Scientists
Section D: History, Freedom Movement, etc.
A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation
Freedom Movement in India
Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration
Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India
Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development
Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi
Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution, Impact of Science and Technology on Society, Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism, Role of India in the present world
Section E: Geography
The Earth, its shape and size, Latitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time, International Date Line, Movements of Earth and their effects
Origin of Earth, Rocks and their classification; Weathering - Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and volcanoes, Ocean Currents and Tides
Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate, Major Natural regions of the World
Regional Geography of India – Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and industrial activities.
Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India, Main items of Imports and Exports of India
Section F: Current Events
Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years
Current important world events
Prominent personalities - both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.

Get Complete: NDA Syllabus 2018

Mathematics Test Syllabus
Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws. Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation
Representation of real numbers on a line, Complex numbers – basic properties, modulus, argument, Cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers, Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa
Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions, Quadratic equations with real coefficients, Solution of linear in-equations of two variables by graphs, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem and its application, Logarithms and their applications
Matrices and Determinants
Types of matrices, operations on matrices, Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants, Ad joint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications – Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method
Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians, Trigonometrical ratios, Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae, Multiple and Sub-multiple angles, Inverse trigonometric functions, Applications – Height and distance, properties of triangles
Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions
Rectangular Cartesian coordinate system, Distance formula, Equation of a line in various forms, Angle between two lines, Distance of a point from a line, Equation of a circle in standard and in general form, Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola, Eccentricity and axis of a conic
Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios, Equation of a plane and a line in various forms, Angle between two lines and angle between two planes, Equation of a sphere
Differential Calculus
Concept of a real valued function – domain, range and graph of a function, Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions, Notion of limit, Standard limits – examples. Continuity of functions – examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions, Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative – applications, Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect of another function, derivative of a composite function, Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima
Integral Calculus and Differential Equations
Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions, Evaluation of definite integrals – determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves – applications, Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples, General and particular solution of a differential equation, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types – examples. Application in problems of growth and decay
Vector Algebra
Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector, Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of vector, scalar product or dot product of two-vectors, Vector product and cross product of two vectors, Applications-work done by a force and moment of a force, and in geometrical problems,
Statistics and Probability
Statistics: Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution – examples. Graphical representation – Histogram, Pie Chart, Frequency Polygon – examples, Measures of Central tendency – Mean, Median and Mode, Variance and standard deviation – determination and comparison. Correlation and regression
Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events, Complementary, elementary and composite events, Definition of probability – classical and statistical – examples, Elementary theorems on probability – simple problems, Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem – simple problems, Random variable as function on a sample space, Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.

Download PDF: UPSC NDA Syllabus

UPSC NDA Exam Pattern:

The test will include two sections which are Mathematics and General ability test. General ability test is off 600 marks (English 200 marks + General Knowledge 400 marks) and Mathematics section is off 300 marks. Each section will runs for 2.5 hours and no extra time will be given to any candidate.

UPSC CDS Syllabus
CDS English Syllabus:
  • Fill in the blanks questions
  • Sentence Correction questions
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Finding errors and omissions etc
CDS GK Syllabus:
  • Current Affairs of last 6 months
  • Indian Economy
  • Indian Politics
  • History
  • Geography
  • Sports
  • Banking sector
  • Awards & Honors Sports
  • Finance
  • Agriculture
  • Books & Their Authors
  • RBI Functions & Policies etc
CDS Mathematics Syllabus:
  • Arithmetic
  • Geometry
  • Algebra
  • Trigonometry
  • Mensuration
  • Statistics
Download PDF: UPSC CDS Syllabus

UPSC CDS Exam Pattern:

The UPSC Combined Defence Service test includes total 300 questions form English, General Knowledge and Elementary Mathematics subjects. The test is conducted by Union Public Service Commission and it will be last long for 2 hours.

Subject Name
2 hours
General Knowledge
Elementary Mathematics

UPSC Selection Procedure:

Union Public Service Commission has released various recruitment notifications by notifying the candidates about vacant post in different departments. Selection of the candidate is done firstly by taking into consideration the information mentioned by candidates in their application forms. After that selected candidates will have to appear for Preliminary Examination. And candidates who qualify Preliminary Examination then will have to appear for Mains Examination. Shortlisted candidates then will be called for personal interview conducted by the selection panel of the commission.

Final Words:

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