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Blood Types Chart – Things You Must Know About Blood Group Types: Check

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Blood Types Chart

Not all the blood are same, there are eight common blood types and many rare ones. So here the team of www.privatejobshub.in is providing you Blood Types Chart and the things you must know about Blood Group Types.

There are many blood groups present and each individual has its own blood group. Blood is poised of cells perched in a liquid substance called plasma. Blood types can be classified by the presence or absence of certain antigens.

Blood Group Types- Check Here There are major four blood groups which can be classified by the presence or absence of two antigens that is A and B on the surface of red blood cells.  And Rh factor, can be either (+) or (–), creating the 8 common blood types (A+, A-, B+, B-, O+, O-, AB+, AB-)

Certain blood types are unique to specific ethnic or racial groups. O positive is the most common blood type. Different ethnic and racial groups have different frequency of the main blood types in their populations.

Blood Types Chart

Blood Type Chart: Facts and Information on Blood Group Types:

At the time of analyzing a person’s blood with microscope, distinct blood differences are visible. In 20th century an Austrian scientist “Karl Landsteiner” has classified blood type according to those differences.

He observed two distinct chemical molecules are present on the surface of the red blood cells. He labeled one molecule "A" and the other molecule "B"

Blood Type A 
 If the red blood cell has only "A" molecules on it.
Blood Type B 
 If the red blood cell has only "B" molecules on it.
Blood Type AB 
 If the red blood cell has a mixture of both "A" & "B" molecules.
Blood Type O 
 If the red blood cell has neither "A" or "B" molecule.

Blood Type Facts:

You know? There are eight different types of common blood, which are resolute by the occurrence or nonattendance of certain antigens. These are substances, which can trigger an immune response if they are foreign to the human body.

Since some antigens can trigger a patient's immune system to attack the transfused blood, safe blood transfusions depend on careful blood typing and cross-matching. The 4 major blood groups resolute by the presence or absence of two antigens (A and B) on the surface of red blood cells:

Common Blood Types
Blood Group
Antigen
A
Has only A antigen on red cells (and B antibody in the plasma)
B
Has only B antigen on red cells (and A antibody in the plasma)
AB
Has both A and B antigens on red cells (but neither A nor B antibody in the plasma)
O
Has neither A nor B antigens on red cells (but both A and B antibody are in the plasma)

Blood groups/types in different categories:

There is a protein which plays an important part in the grouping of blood and that is the Rh factor. The Rh factor is a protein that can be present on the surface of red blood cells.

If the Rh factor is present, the particular blood type will be a positive one otherwise the blood group will be negative. Here we have classified the blood groups/types in different categories, you must have a look:
  • A1 Negative (A1 −ve)
  • A1 Positive (A1 +ve)
  • A1B Negative (A1B −ve)
  • A1B Positive (A1B +ve)
  • A2 Negative (A2 −ve)
  • A2 Positive (A2 +ve)
  • A2B Negative (A2B −ve)
  • A2B Positive (A2B +ve)
  • B Negative (B −ve)
  • B Positive (B +ve)
  • B1 Positive (B1 +ve)
  • Negative (O −ve)
  • Positive (O +ve)
Note: According to the American Red Cross the rarest blood group is AB (-)

Learn More About Blood And Diversity

Blood Types and Transfusion:
  • There is very exact way in which blood types must be matched for a safe transaction as indicated in the chart.
  • Also, Rh-negative blood is given to Rh-negative patients, and Rh-positive or Rh-negative blood may be given to Rh-positive patients.

Compatible Blood Type Donors:

Blood Type
Donate Blood To
Receive Blood From
A+
A+ AB+
A+ A- O+ O-
O+
O+ A+ B+ AB+
O+ O-
B+
B+ AB+
B+ B- O+ O-
AB+
AB+
Everyone
A-
A+ A- AB+ AB-
A- O-
O-
Everyone
O-
B-
B+ B- AB+ AB-
B- O-
AB-
AB+ AB-
AB- A- B- O-

What is a donor?

In simple words if we describe the word “donor” then it means one who donates or gives. In blood groups too there are “donors”. Blood donor is the contributor who gives his/her blood to other.

Universal blood donor:

A Universal Blood Donor is someone whose blood type is O negative.


What is a recipient?

The word “recipient” dedicates to the one who receives or take. Blood recipient is the beneficiary who takes blood from other donor.

Universal Blood Recipient:

A Universal Blood Recipient with blood group AB blood who can receive blood from any donor

Universal Donors and Universal Recipients:

From the Above discussion we get to know that AB+ is the Universal Recipient Blood Group that means it can take blood from any blood group where as O- is the Universal Donor Blood Group that means it can give blood to any other blood group. O- Is considered as the most preferable blood group for the new born babies and the accidental victims.

Blood Type Inheritance Chart:

1. ABO Blood Type: Determining child’s blood type (when parent’s blood type is known)

Father’s Blood Type
A
B
AB
O
Mother’s Blood Type
A
A, O
A, B, AB, O
A, B, AB
A, O
Child’s Blood Type
B
A, B, AB, O
B, O
A, B, AB
B, O
AB
A, B, AB
A, B, AB
A, B, AB
A, B
O
A, O
B, O
A, B
O

2. ABO Blood Type: Determining father’s blood type in questions of paternity

Child’s Blood Type
A
B
AB
O
Mother’s Blood Type
A
A, B, AB, O
B, AB
B, AB
A, B, O
Father’s Blood Type MUST Be:
B
A, AB
A, B, AB, O
A, AB
A, B, O
AB
A, B, AB, O
A, B, AB, O
A, B, AB
---
O
A, AB
B, AB
---
A, B, 0

3. The Rh System: The Rh System is used to make the classification system more precise. The Rh factor, or the positive/negative aspect of blood, is inherited separately from the ABO classification.

Mother’s Type
Rh +
Rh -
Father’s Type
Rh +
Rh+, Rh-
Rh+, Rh-
Child’s Type
Rh -
Rh+, Rh-
Rh-

Blood Types and the Population

The most common blood type is O positive. There is Different ethnic and racial groups and different frequency of the main blood types in their populations. Approx 4% of Caucasians are type O, but 51 percent of African-Americans and 57 percent of Hispanics are type O.

Blood types in the U.S. population

Want to know about your Blood Type?

The type of blood is inherited. Like eye color, blood type is approved hereditarily from your parents. Whether your blood group is type A, B, AB or O is based on the blood types of your parents. Lets determined your blood group:

Parents Blood Group
Your Blood Group
Mother
Farther
O
A
O/A
O
O
O
AB
AB
A/B/AB 
AB
B
A/B/AB 
AB
A
A/B/AB 
AB
A
A/B
B
B
O/B
A
B
O/A/B/AB
A
A
O/A
O
B
O/B

Blood Type Based Diet Chart:

Each blood group has assigned a comprehensive eating plan, to maximize a person’s health.

Blood Type
Diet/Exercise
A (“agrarian”)
Primarily Vegetarian: soy protein, vegetables, grains. Exercise: gentle
B (“nomadic”)
Omnivore: meat, low-fat dairy, vegetables; avoid corn, wheat, lentils. Exercise: moderate
AB (“sensitive”)
Omnivore: seafood, dairy, most vegetables, tofu; avoid chicken, pork and beef. Exercise: calming.
O (“old”)
Primarily Carnivore: poultry, fish, lean meat; avoid grains, bread, legumes. Exercise: vigorous.


End Note:

If, you are going to receive or donate blood, you need to go through the complete information provided on this page.  Your blood will be tested before you give blood, and your blood group will be recorded on your official donor card. In addition to the blood types, one should also have their Rh or Rhesus factor tested.

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