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ICAR NET Syllabus 2018 ARS, ASRB NET Revised Exam Syllabus PDF Download


ICAR NET Syllabus

ICAR NET Syllabus 2018: To crack the Indian Council of Agricultural Research National Eligibility Test with good rank, individuals need to prepare from ICAR NET Syllabus. The syllabus includes all the topics which are likely to be asked in the Agricultural Research Service Exam. Candidates can easily download the ARS/ NET Revised Exam Syllabus PDF by hitting on the link available on this web page.

Name of the organization
Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board
Name of the exam
National Eligibility Test

The Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board conducts NET exam every year with the motive to check the eligibility of the aspirants. Those contenders who qualify the exam will select as Lecturers and Assistant Professors in State Agricultural colleges/ Universities. For more details about ICAR NET Syllabus 2018, candidates can scroll down the page which is well prepared by the team of www.privatejobshub.in

ICAR NET Syllabus

ICAR NET Syllabus for Agronomy:

Unit 1: Crop Ecology and Geography
Principles of crop ecology
Ecosystem concept and determinants of productivity of ecosystem
Physiological limits of crop yield and variability in relation to ecological optima
Crop adaptation
Climate shift and its ecological implication
Greenhouse effect
Agro-ecological and agro climatic regions of lndia
Geographical distribution of cereals, legumes, oilseeds, vegetables, fodders and forages, commercial crops, condiments and spices, medicinal and aromatic plants
Adverse climatic factors and crop productivity
Photosynthesis, respiration, net assimilation, solar energy conversion efficiency and relative water content, light intensity, water and CO2 in relation to photosynthetic rates and efficiency
Physiological stress in crops
Remote sensing
Spectral indices and their application in agriculture
crop water stressindices and crop stress detection
Unit 2: Weed Management
Scope and principles of weed management
Weeds’ classification, biology, ecology and allelopathy
Crop weed competition, weed threshold
Herbicides classification, formulations, mode of action, selectivity and resistance
Persistence of herbicides in soils and plants
Application methods and equipment
Biological weed control, bioherbicides
Integrated weed management
Special weeds, parasitic and aquatic weeds and their management in cropped and non cropped lands
weed control schedules in field crops, vegetables and plantation crops
Role of GM crops in weed management
Unit 3: Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Use
History of soil fertility and fertilizer use
Concept of essentiality of plant nutrients, their critical concentrations in plants, nutrient interactions, diagnostic techniques with special emphasis on emerging deficiencies of secondary and micro-nutrients
Soil fertility and productivity and their indicators
Fertilizer materials including liquid fertilizers, their composition, mineralization, availability and reaction products in soils
Water solubility of phosphate fertilizers
Slow release fertilizers, nitrification inhibitors and their use for crop production
Principles and methods of fertilizer application
Integrated nutrient management and bio-fertilizers
Agronomic and physiological efficiency and recovery of applied plant nutrients
Criteria for determining fertilizer schedules for cropping systems direct, residual and cumulative effects
Fertilizer related environmental problems including ground water pollution
Site-specific nutrient management
Contamination of heavy metals in peri-urban soils and their remediation
Unit 4: Dryland Agronomy
Concept of dryland farming; dryland farming vs rainfed farming
History, development, significance and constraints of dryland agriculture in India
Climatic classification and delineation of dryland tracts
Characterization of agro-climatic environments of drylands
Rainfall analysis and length of growing season
Types of drought, drought syndrome, effect on plant growth, drought resistance, drought
avoidance, drought management
Crop Planning including contingency, crop diversification, varieties, cropping systems, conservation cropping and mid-season corrections for aberrant weather conditions
Techniques of moisture conservation insitu to reduce evapotranspiration, runoff and to increase infiltration
Rain water harvesting and recycling concept, techniques and practices
Timelines and precision key factors for timely sowing, precision in seeding, weed control
Fertilizer placement, top dressing and foliar application, aqua-fertigation
Concept and importance of watershed management in dryland areas

ICAR NET Economic Botany & Plant Genetic Resources Syllabus:

Unit 1: Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics
Nomenclature, purpose, principles and systems of classification
Taxonomy of higher plants, floras, manuals, monographs, index, catalogues and dictionaries, herbaria
Concepts of biosystematics, evolution and differentiation of species
Biosystematic and taxonomic tools
Origin, evolution and biosystematics of selected crops (rice, wheat, rape seed & mustard, cotton)
Unit 2: Economically important plants–I
Origin, history, domestication, botany, genetic resource activities, cultivation, production and use of:
Cereals: Wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet and minor millets.
Pulses : Pigeon pea, chickpea, black gram, green gram, cowpea, soybean, pea, lentil, horse gram, lab-lab bean, rice bean, winged bean, French bean, lima bean, sword bean.
Oilseeds: Groundnut, sesame, castor, rape seed, mustard, sunflower, safflower, niger, oil palm, coconut and linseed.
Unit 3: Economically important plants –II
Origin, distribution, cultivation, production and utilization of economic plants of following groups such as
Fibres: cotton, silk cotton, jute, sunnhemp, agave, flax and mesta (kenoff)
Sugars: sugarcane, sugarbeet, sugarpalm and sweet sorghum
Fodders and green manure crops: Plantation crops: coconut, cocoa, tea; root and
Tuber crops-: potato, sweet potato, tapioca, aroids etc.
Unit 4: Economically important plants –III
Origin, distribution, classification, production and utilization of Fruits: mango, banana, citrus, guava, grapes and other indigenous fruits
apple, plum, pear, peach, cashewnut and walnut
Vegetables: tomato, brinjal, okra, cucumber, cole crops, gourds etc.
Fumigatories and masticatories: tobacco, betelvine, areacanut
medicinal and aromatic plants: sarpagandha, belladonna, cinchona, nux-vomica, vinca, mentha and glycirrhiza, plantago etc.
Narcotics: cannabis, datura, gloriosa, pyrethrum and opium
Dye-, tannin-, gum- and resin- yielding plants
Plant of agro-forestory importance: multipurpose trees /shrubs, subabool, Acacia nilotica, poplar, sesbania, neem etc.
Non-traditional economic plants: jojoba, guayule, jatropha, carcus etc.
Unit 5: Biodiversity and Plant Genetic Resources (PGR)
Biosphere and biodiversity; plant species richness and endemism
Concept and importance of plant genetic resources and its increasing erosion
Centres of origin and diversity of crop plants, domestication, evaluation, bioprospecting
National and International organizations associated with PGR
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), recent issues related to access and ownership of PGR, IPR,. PBRs, farmers rights, sui-generis system etc
Unit 6: Germplasm Augmentation
History and importance of germplasm collection, eco geographical distribution of diversity, logistics of exploration and collection, use of flora and herbaria, random and selective sampling, genepool sampling in self and cross pollinated species
Concept, importance and ecogeographical considerations of introduction and exchange of plant germplasm
Prerequisites conventions and achievements of PGR exchange
Unit 7: Germplasm Conservation
Principles and methods of conservation, in situ and ex situ methods, on – farm conservation
Gene banks: short-medium- and long-term conservation strategies
Seed physiology and seed technology in conservation
Seed storage behaviour (orthodox, recalcitrant), field genebanks, clonal repositories.
Gene bank management, gene bank standard for various crops, ISTA, AOSA, IPGRI guidelines, documentation of information in gene bank
Unit 8: Biotechnology in PGR
Plant conservation biotechnology, biotechnology in plant germplasm acquisition
Plant tissue culture in disease elimination, in vitro conservation and exchange
Cryopreservation, transgenics – exchange and biosafety issues
Biochemical and molecular approaches to assessing plant diversity
Unit 9: Plant Quarantine
Principles, objectives and relevance of plant quarantine
Regulations and plant quarantine set up in Indai
Economic significance of seed borne pests, pathogens and weeds
Detection and post entry quarantine operations, salvaging of infested/infected germplasm, domestic quarantine

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ARS/ NET Syllabus

ARS/ NET Syllabus for Agricultural Biotechnology:

Unit 1: Cell Structure and Function
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell architecture, Cell wall, plasma membrane, Structure and function of cell organelles: vacuoles, mitochondria, plastids, golgi apparatus, ER, peroxisomes, glyoxisomes. Cell division, regulation of cell cycle, Protein secretion and targeting, Cell division, growth and differentiation
Unit 2: Biomolecules and Metabolism
Structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids, Synthesis of carbohydrate, glycolysis, HMP, Citric acid cycle and metabolic regulation, Oxidative phosphorylation and substrate level phosphorylation, Vitamins, plant and animal hormones. Functional molecules, antioxidants, nutrient precursor, HSPs, anti-viral compounds
Unit 3: Enzymology
Enzymes, structure conformation, classification, assay, isolation, purification and characterization, catariysis specificity, mechanism of action, active site, regulation of enzyme activity, multienzyme complexes, immobilized enzymes and protein engineering, immobilized enzymes and their application.
Unit 4: Molecular Genetics
Concept of gene, Prokaryotes as genetic system, Prokaryotic and eukaryotic chromosomes, methods of gene isolation and identification, Split genes, overlapping genes and pseudo genes, Organization of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genes and genomes including operan, exon, intron, enhancer promoter sequences and other regulatory elements. Mutation – spontaneous, induced and site-directed, recombination in bacteria, fungi and viruses, transformation, transduction, conjugation, transposable elements and transposition.
Unit 5: Gene Expression
Expression of genetic information, operon concept, Transcription – mechanism of transcription in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, transcription unit, regulatory sequences and enhancers, activators, repressors, co-activators, Co-repressors in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, inducible genes and promoters, Transcription factors post transcriptional modification and protein transport, DNA-protein interaction, Genetic code. Mechanism of translation and its control, post translational modifications
Unit 6: Molecular Biology Techniques
Isolation and purification of nucleic acids, Nucleic acids hybridization: Southern, northern and western blotting hybridization. Immune response monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies and ELISA, DNA sequencing. Construction and screening of genomic and C-DNA libraries, Gel electrophoretic techniques, Polymerase chain reactor spectroscopy, rtPCR ultracentrifugation, chromatography, FISH, RIA etc.
Unit 7: Gene Cloning
Restriction enzymes and their uses, Salient features and uses of most commonly used vectors i.e. plasmids, bacteriophages, phagmids, cosmids, BACs, PACs and YACs, binary vectors, expression vectors. Gene cloning and sub-cloning strategies, chromosome walking, genetic transformation, Basis of animal cloning, Biology, Risk assessment and IPR
Unit 8: Molecular Biology
Ribosome structure and function. Protein biosynthesis in prokaryotes and ekaryotes, Post-translational modification, Gene regulation, RNA processing and Post transcriptional modifications, Bioprospecting, biofortification, gene pryrimiding and gene fusion, nbozyme technology
Unit 9: Plant Molecular Biology
Photoregulation and phytochrome regulation of nuclear and chloroplastic gene expression, Molecular mechanism of nitrogen fixation, Molecular biology of various stresses, viz. abiotic stresses like drought, salt, heavy metals and temperature; and biotic stresses like bacterial, fungal and viral diseases. Signal transduction and its molecular basis, molecular mechanism of plant hormone action mitochondrial control of fertility, structure, organization and regulation of nuclear gene concerning storage proteins and starch synthesis.
Unit 10: Tissue Culture
Basic techniques in cell culture and somatic cell genetics, Regulation of cell cycle and cell division.. Clonal propagation, Concept of cellular totipotency, Anther culture, somaclonal and gametoclonal variations, Hybrid embryo culture and embryo rescue, somatic hybridization and cybridization. Application of tissue culture in crop improvement, Secondary metabolite production, In vitro, mutagenesis, cryopreservation and plant tissue culture repository.
Unit 11: Plant Genetic Engineering
Isolation of genes of economic importance, Gene constructs for tissue-specific expression. Different methods of gene transfer to plants, viz. direct and vectormediated. Molecular analysis of transformants, Potential applications of plant genetic engineering for crop improvement, i.e. insect-pest resistance (insect, viral, fungal and bacterial disease resistance), abiotic stress resistance, herbicide resistance, storage protein quality, increasing shelf-life, oil quality, Current status of transgenics, biosafty norms and controlled field trials and release of transgenics (GMOs).
Unit 12: Molecular Markers and Genomics
DNA molecular markers: Principles, type and applications; restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), randomly amplified polymorphic DNA sequences (RAPD), Simple sequence repeats (SSR), Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), Structural and functional genomics, gene mapping, genome mapping, gene tagging and comparative genomics and application of genomics.

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ARS/ NET Syllabus for Agricultural Microbiology:

Unit 1: History of Microbial World
History, development and scope of microbiology, evolution of microbial life. Theory of spontaneous generiation. Prokaryotes, archaebacteria and eukaryotes. Techniques used in identification and classification of bacteria. Important groups of prokaryotes – photosynthetic bacteria, blue green algae, chemoautotrophic bacteria, spore forming bacteria, mycoplasma, viruses, bacteriophages and actinomycetes. Heterotrophic bacteria nitrobacteria, nitrogen-fixing bacteria and cyanabacteria, lactic acid bacteria, halophiles, thermophiles acidophiles and methanogens. Structure and classification of viruses, growth of viruses, lytic and lysogenic cycles, plant viruses, viroids.
Unit 2: Microbial Ecology and Physiology
Principles of microbial ecology, Microbiology of ecosystems - soil, rhizosphere, phyllosphere, water - fresh and marine, and air. Microbial interactions - symbiosis, synergism, commenalism, parasitism, amensalism, antagonism and predation, adoption of micro-organisms to various ecosystems. Microbial growth curve. Mathematical expression of growth -continuous and batch cultures. Diauxic and synchronous growth. Microbial nutrition. Bacterial metabolism - aerobic and anaerobic respiration, electron transport chain, microbial photosynthesis, oxidative and substrate level photo-phosphorylation. Biosynthesis of cell wall, protein breakdown by microbes.
Unit 3: Soil Microbiology
Soil microorganisms: major groups, decomposition of organic matter, soil health. Root exudates and rhizosphere effects. Manipulation of rhizosphere microflora in plant productivity. Microbial biomass. Nitrogen cycle: ammonification, nitrification and denitrification. Biological nitrogen fixation–symbiotic and asymbiotic. Biochemistry and genetics of nitrogen fixation. Microbial transformations of phosphorus, sulphur and minor nutrients. Role of bio-fertilizers in agriculture and forestry. Bioremediation of problem soils, plant growth promoting rhizobacteria and their mode of action. Formation and composition of soil organic matter: fulvic acid and humic acid.
Unit 4: Environmental Microbiology and Basic Microbiological Techniques
Isolation and preservation of different types of microorganisms. Methods of sterilization and disinfection. Microscopy: Optical, phase contrast, fluorescent, dark field and electron. Microbial assay of vitamins, enzymes and antibiotics, Pollution of soil, water and air, Role of microorganisms in pollution, sources of pollution and their impact on environment, microbiology of sewage and industrial effluents and their safe disposal, management of solid and liquid organic wastes, composting, biogas, water purification, sewage treatment, water-borne diseases and effluent management.
Unit 5: Microbial Biotechnology
Industrial production of metabolites - organic acids, alcohols, antibiotics. Fermentor designs and types. Control of fermentation process - batch, feed batch and continuous. Downstream processing in fermentation industry. Production of single cell proteins and probiotics, hormones, biofertilizers, biopesticides. Phytoremediation. Microbiology of raw and processed foods. Fermented food – vinegar, wine saucrkraut, pickles, cheese, yogurt. Food preservation, contamination and spoilage, food-borne illness and intoxication. Food as substrate for micro-organism, microflora 8 of meat, fish, egg, fruits, vegetables, juices, flour, canned foods; bio- degrading microbes, single cell protein for use as food and feed, bioactive food / probiotics

ICAR NET Exam Pattern:

Total 150 questions will be asked in the Indian Council of Agricultural Research National Eligibility Test. Each question will contains 1 mark and all the questions will be off objective type. The test will runs for 120 minutes and for every wrong answer, 1/3 marks will be deducted.

ICAR NET Cut Off Marks:

Minimum qualifying marks
75.0 (50%)
OBC(Non-Creamy layer)
67.5 (45%)
60.0 (40%)

Best ICAR NET Preparation Books:

Name of the Book
Direct Link
Plant Sciences A Treatise
Objective Cytogenetics
Fundamentals Of Plant Pathology
A Glimpse on Plant Sciences
Principles of Gene Manipulation and Genomics
Cell and Molecular Biology

Official Words:

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