Header Ads

UPSC Philosophy Syllabus 2018 IAS Mains Optional (Paper I/II) Syllabus PDF

Edit

UPSC Philosophy Syllabus

Syllabus offer important clues about the courses or topics of exam which will help you to get a preview of what to expect in exam. So those who are going to appear in UPSC IAS exam can go through UPSC Philosophy Syllabus for better preparation. UPSC Philosophy Paper I/II Syllabus, is provided in this page completely you can go through it and prepare for exam accordingly. If you are going to appear in UPSC IAS optional exam then from here you can get complete syllabus and download UPSC Philosophy Syllabus PDF.

Conducting Body
Union Public Service Commission 
Exam Name
PSC IAS Optional 
Category
Syllabus

In the below section UPSC philosophy optional syllabus or UPSC mains philosophy syllabus is provided with complete details you can go through it and get philosophy syllabus for UPSC by going through online mode. Complete details of UPSC Philosophy Syllabus 2018, has been mentioned by team of www.privatejobshub.in you can go through it.

UPSC Philosophy Syllabus

UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam consists of Philosophy as one of the Optional Subjects with 2 papers (paper I and paper II). If you are going to participate in it then get philosophy syllabus UPSC and prepare for only those topics that are included in it. 


Go through below section and grab UPSC IAS 2018 Philosophy Syllabus. Prepare for only those topics which are included in UPSC IAS Paper I/II Exam Syllabus. Go through the list of expected topics and check your syllabus of UPSC IAS 2018 and get prepared for exam according to it. 

UPSC Philosophy Prelims Syllabus

Section A-Problems of Philosophy

Substance and Attributes: Aristole, Descartes, Locke, Berkeley’s criticism, Nyaya-Viasesika, Buddhist criticism of Pudgala.

God, Soul and the World: Thomas Acquinas, St. Augustine, Spinoza, Descartes, Nyaya-Vaisesika, Sankara, Ramanuja.

Universals: Realism and Nominalism (Plato, Aristotle, Berkeley’s criticism of abstract ideas, Nyay-Vaisesika, Buddhism).

Bases of Knowledge: Pramanavada in Carvaka, Nyaya-Vaisesika, Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta.

Truth and Error: Correspondence Theory, Coherence theory, Pragmatic Theory; Khyativada (Anyathakhyati, Akhyati, Anivacaniyakhyati).

Matter and Mind: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz, Berkerley.


Section-B Logic
  • Truth and Validity
  • Classification of sentences: Traditional and Modern.
  • Syllogism: Figures and Moods; Rules of Syllogism (General and special) validation by Venn Diagrames; Formal Fallacies.
  • Sentential Calculus: Symbolisation; Truth-Functions and their interdefinability; Truth Tables; Formal Proof.
Section-C Ethics
  • Statement of fact and statement of value.
  • Right and Good; Teleology and Deontology.
  • Psychological Hedonism.
  • Utilitarianism (Bentham; J.S. Mill).
  • Kantian Ethics.
  • Problem of the freedom of will.
  • Moral Judgements: Descriptivism, Prescriptivism, Emotivism.
  • Niskamakarma: Sthitaprajna.
  • Jaina Ethics
  • Four Noble Truths and Eight fold path in Buddhism.
  • Gandhian Ethics: Satya, Ahimsa, Ends and Means.

UPSC Philosophy Mains Syllabus

Candidates who had successfully qualified IAS Prelims exam and want to take part in the Indian Administrative Service Mains Exams must check UPSC IAS Philosophy Mains Syllabus here.

UPSC Philosophy Syllabus Section A

History and Problems of Philosophy:
  • Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.
  • Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.
  • Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.
  • Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God
  • Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism
  • Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; Picture Theory of Meaning; Saying and Showing.
  • Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.
  • Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language-games; Critique of Private Language.
  • Phenomenology (Husserl): Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism.
  • Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the –world and Temporality.
  • Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.
  • Ca-rva-ka: Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.
  • Jainism: Theory of Reality; Saptabhan(ginaya; Bondage and Liberation.
  • Schools of Buddhism: Prati-tyasamutpa-da; Ksanikavada, Naira-tmyava-da
  • Nya-ya- Vais’esika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of Prama-na; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.
  • Sa-mkhya: Prakrti; Purusa; Causation; Liberation
  • Yoga: Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.
  • Mima-msa-: Theory of Knowledge
  • Schools of Veda-nta: Brahman; I-s’vara; A-tman; Jiva; Jagat; Ma-ya-; Avidya-; Adhya-sa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda
  • Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.
Check Here Latest Preparation Tips


UPSC Philosophy Syllabus Section B

Socio-Political Philosophy:
  • Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty.
  • Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya.
  • Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability
  • Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.
  • Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism
  • Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.
  • Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital Punishment.
  • Development and Social Progress.
  • Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights; Empowernment.
  • Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar

Philosophy of Religion: UPSC Philosophy Syllabus
  • Notions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western).
  • Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).
  • Problem of Evil.
  • Soul: Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.
  • Reason, Revelation and Faith.
  • Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).
  • Religion without God.
  • Religion and Morality.
  • Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.
  • Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitive and Non- cognitive.

Note:

To gather more information about UPSC Philosophy Syllabus 2018 check provided Official Link. For any query or for any suggestions comment us on below stated comment box, our team will soon reply to it. Also, you may join us on Facebook and Google + for latest updates.

Check UPSC Related Links

No comments

Don't Add Comment with Spam Purpose

Powered by Blogger.