Career in Horticulture: Job Prospects, Growth, Education, Courses, Salary
Career in Horticulture
Today, India is contributing 10% of fruits and 14% of vegetable of the total world production. And all this happened due to enhancement of interest among youngsters for Career in Horticulture. Here we’re with Job Prospects, Growth, Education, Courses and Salary details in Horticulture Sector.
The field of horticulture offers a wide range of career choices. Horticulturalists have a lot of immense career opportunities due to the variety of inter-related studies and its human impact. Horticultural Science includes all the core sciences - biology, geology, physics, mathematics, chemistry, interrelated sciences and technology.
The sub-categories of horticulture are olericulture, floriculture, arboriculture, landscape horticulture, pomology, viticulture, and post harvest physiology. The field of horticulture not only engages knowledge or adornment of surroundings, but also the study of plants and their consequence. The scope of horticulture in India is increasing with time. Today, horticulturists are employed in government as well as private sector.
Career in Horticulture
- B.Sc in Horticulture
- M.Sc in Horticulture
- B.Sc / M.Sc in Agriculture
- B Tech in Horticulture
Eligibility for Horticulture Courses
After passing 12th with science subjects (Chemistry and Biology), Horticultural Science can enroll in undergraduate course. For admission, the candidate has to undergo the entrance examination conducted by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research. The duration of the course is three to four years.
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Undergraduate students in biology or in horticulture can enroll in Horticultural PG course. For admission the candidate has to appear in the entrance examination organized by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research. Some universities and institutes conduct themselves entrance examinations for admission. The duration of the course is two years.
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Various Branches Of Horticulture Include:
Aerobic Culture, Turf Management, Floriculture, Landscape Horticulture, Olearculture, Pomology, Post Harvest.
Famous Institute of Horticulture:
- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Delhi
- Anand Agricultural University, Gujarat
- Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Uttarakhand
- Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur
- Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar
Career Options and Job Opportunities in Horticulture:
Horticulturists and Landscapers are hired in resorts, hotels, and in health farms in order to beautify their settings. Postgraduate candidates can work as researcher, supervisors, distributors, and engineer; or they can also begin his/her own business.
Many jobs entail knowledge and training in horticulture. The level of training could be professional or at the college level. The job may be indoors or outdoors. Many jobs in horticulture involve diploma or degree in horticulture or agriculture. The field of horticulture provides a range of career options in government and private sector as well.
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Jobs Opportunities In Horticulture Sector
Govt. Sector Jobs:
For M.Sc Ag. (Horticulture) and PhD in Horticulture:
- Scientist: Examination conducted by the Agriculture Scientist Recruitment Board, ICAR, New Delhi offers opportunities for scientist
- In Education: Lecturer, Reader, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor in Agricultural Universities and Colleges.
- Training Organizer & Training Associate in Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK).
For Graduate (Horticulture / Agriculture):
- Civil Services: Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission (U.P.S.C) for IAS/IFS (Civil Service & Allied)
- As District Horticulture Officer/ District Agriculture Officer through examination conducted by State Public Service Commission.
- Technical Assistant / Technical Officers in Agricultural Universities ICAR, DRDO, IARI, & CSIR
- Horticulture Inspector / Fruit & Vegetable Inspector / Marketing Inspector.
- Training Assistant in Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK)
- Farm Supervisor.
- Section Officer (Horticulture / Landscaping), Horticulturist or Supervisor (Horticulture).
- Agriculture Development Officer
- Village Level Worker
- Agricultural Inspector.
Private Sector Jobs:
- As Horticulturist / Horticulture Officer or Supervisor (Landscape) in Industries, Farm Houses, Hotels, Golf Courses & Construction Companies etc.
- As Horticulture officer in processing companies of agriculture production
- Marketing job also in pesticides and insecticides companies.
Self employment in Horticulture:
- A Horticulture Consultant provides advice, design, evaluation, supervision of garden or orchard etc. You can start the Agriculture clinic. Government provides money (up to 10.00 Lac) for this work.
- Raise commercial nursery of fruit plants, flower and ornamental plants.
- Seed producer of vegetables and flower crops
- Fruit/ Vegetable / Flower grower.
- Floral decorator/ florist shop
- Horticulture Services Contractor
- Mushroom grower
- Seed dealer / Merchant etc.
Salary For Horticulture Jobs:
Starts from the initial salary of 12 thousand rupees per month, On reaching the rank of Manager or Senior Manager, salary is available 40 to 50 thousand rupees per month. After reaching senior posts, the salary goes upwards of one lakh rupees.
Scope for a Career In Horticulture in India
In what areas you can work in this field?
You can work as a specialist, supervisor, horticultural expert, fruit-vegetable inspector. After BSc agriculture, MSC, after horticulture, agricultural scientists can be made in government departments. You can also start your career as an organizer in professors, readers, agricultural centers.
Apart from this, there are possibilities of opportunities on the posts of garden officers, agricultural officers, technical officers, fruit and vegetable inspectors, garden supervisor agricultural development officer through the State Public Service Commission. Jobs are available in the private sector in the Marketing Branch of Horticulture, Horticulture Officer, Pesticide companies.
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Scope of Horticulture
Horticulture is a field that seizes plenty scope. Whether you want to be full-time or part-time horticulturist, whether you have your own piece of land or not, you can take up this line and make a polite living out of it.
Progresses in horticultural technology, rising product demands, and a growing export industry are making this a tremendously rewarding career. Jobs are being formed in fields such as research and journalism, in sectors both public and private, and also within and outside of our borders.
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With raised emphasis on Horticulture and Horticulture based industries being made by both state and central governments, it is needless to say that Horticultural sector is going to play a very important role in the expansion of Indian Agriculture.
Modern Horticulture is analyzed as a mega Horti-Business Enterprise rather than simplly cultivation of crops. Many multi-national companies are expanding their activities by encouraging glass house/green house cultivation, Exports of Horticultural Commodities.
Horticulture has become one of the best career options in India. Due to its importance, there are various job opportunities in India as well as abroad. Choosing a Career in Horticulture is very promising as the scope for student is very high and opportunities are always knocking at the door if they select right field of career matching with their natural talent
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