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Difference Between Public And Private Company | Comparison /Meaning /Benefits


Difference Between Public And Private Company

In the business glossary, there is vast Difference Between The Public And Private Company. A public company publicly owns and operates its business publicly and around seven people need to set up Public Ltd Company.

While on the other hand, private company is organized closely and requires at least two or more persons for its formation. Let’s discuss the benefits of Pvt Ltd. and Public Ltd Company through this article.

Difference Between Public And Private Company

What is a Public Ltd. Company?

Public Limited Company is an association of persons formed voluntarily which is started least amount capital of INR 5,00,000. Also, you can say it is the mutual stock company formed and listed under The Indian Companies Act.

In such types of company there is no definite limit of members and also no restrictions of sharing transferability of the shares. The company can invite the public for subscribing to shares or debentures, and that is why the word 'public limited' is added to its name.

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What is the definition of Private Ltd. Company?
  • A private limited company is a joint stock company, which is included under the Indian Companies Act, 2013 or any other previous Act.
  • It is a union of voluntary people, whose minimum paid capital is Rs. 1,00,000 Except the existing employees and ex-employees.
  • The maximum number of members is 200, who were members during their employment or remained a member after the expiry of their employment in the company.

                   Comparison Between Public And Private Company
Basis For Comparison
Public Company
Private Company
Pvt Ltd corporations are
owned and traded publicly
A Private company
are owned and
traded privately.
least amount of Members
Maximum members
Minimum Directors
Minimum paid up capital
INR 5,00,000
INR 1,00,000
Private Limited
Statutory Meeting
Issue of prospectus / Statement in lieu of prospectus
Not required
Quorum at AGM
5 members must present in person.
2 members must
present in person.
Start of business
After receiving certificate of incorporation and certificate of commencement of business.
After receiving
certificate of incorporation.
Transfer of shares
Public subscription
Not allowed

Key Factors of Public and Private Ltd. Company

Don’t you know ‘What is the difference between public and private company?’ Here we have displayed some points through which your doubts get removed.

4 Difference Between Public And Private Company

Recognized Stock

Public company refers to a company that is listed on a recognized stock exchange and does business in public. A Private Limited, The Company is one which is not listed on the stock exchange and is organized privately by the members.

Transferability Of Shares

It is one of the major Differences between Public Limited Company and Private Limited Company. In private Limited Company, The transferability of shares is completely restricted. While on the other hand, the shareholders of a public company can freely transfer their shares.

Check Out the Difference

Minimum Subscription

Private Organizations can easily allot their shares as they need to wait for the completion of minimum subscription limit Whereas, Public Company can’t allot its shares before the completion of minimum subscription of shares.

Issue of Prospectus

Private Company doesn’t have authority to invite public for subscription of its shares, so it can’t issue Prospects. While on the other hand, Public Company is free to invite public for subscription of its shares, so it issues a Prospectus freely.

Benefits Of The Public And Private Company

Advantage of Public Limited Company
  • Raising capital through public issue of shares
  • Widening the shareholder base and spreading risk
  • Growth and expansion opportunities
  • Prestigious profile and confidence
  • Other finance opportunities
  • Transferability of shares

Advantage Of Private Limited Company
  • Stability due to Limited Liability
  • Long and continuity of Existence
  • Minimum requirement of shareholders and members
  • Capacity to sue and be sued
  • Free & Easy transferability of shares
  • Uninterrupted existence
  • Separate Legal Entity
  • Tax Advantages

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Important Note

After discussing the above facts of organizations, Individuals can easily distinguish the Difference Between Public And Private Company. Stay connected with our web portal www.privatejobshub.in for getting more informative articles.

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